COLCHICINE: What it Is

Orchid Doctor Propagation

by Robert M. [Bert] Hamilton (Compiler)

Originally published in The Orchid Doctor in 1980 and 1988

Posted by Sys Admin over 4 years ago.

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A chemical extracted from the autumn crocus; it inhibits formation of wall matter between two cells giving cells with double normal number of chromosomes. A78-606; comparative experiment reviewed; refer to A63-885+; for other sources on its use on orchids, refer to A59-838
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More The Orchid Doctor Articles under the Heading Colchicine

Colchicine Comments
COLCHICINE: And Cymbidiums Conversion rate to higher ploidy is more common than with other genera; the selection criteria is most important. AU80-49; FR90; OA78-16 0
COLCHICINE: And Dendrobiums Doubling chromosomes in meristem culture; percent of concentrations required; number of days to induce doubling of chromosomes; other data; refer to NH73(2)-12+ 0
COLCHICINE: And Production of Tetraploids High quality tetraploid cymbidiums, many already awarded now exist; probably induced by the judicious use of colchicine; breeding possibilities from them are great. AU75-190+; AU79-145; AU79-195+ 0
COLCHICINE: And Vandas Induction of polyploidy; 0.1% of solution used in test; 29% of plantlets converted to tetraploid. NH73(2)19 0
COLCHICINE CONVERSION: In the Future To provide an available bank of high class breeding clones in cymbidiums; in cattleyas, to convert triploids to hexaploids (poor plants) for back crossing to tetraploids to achieve 5N or pentaploids, the new way. AU79-196 0
COLCHICINE: In Cymbidiums A common laboratory mutagen it can be used on sterile plant materials to double the number of chromosomes; the present confusion about conversion analyzed; refer to OR81-171 0
COLCHICINE: Results to Date Results of use for conversion are not consistent or concrete; untreated seedlings give just as good results as treated ones; it is limited to the extent that it can occasionally produce larger flowers at the expense of other factors. AU79-139+; refer to OB1-192 0
COLCHICINE: Used to Change the Ploidy of Clones A problem arises in reconciling the identification of the new chemically treated result with the original clone; some growers designate the new result with "4N", but the new clone may not be tetraploid. OA77-44+; OA77-47+; OA77-82 0

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