Epcts. helleborine 'Jinny Wong' photo by Eric Hunt

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Orchid Species: Epipactis helleborine

(This name is currently accepted by Kew.)

Epipactis helleborine is an orchid species identified by (L.) Crantz in 1769.
Genus
Epipactis (Epcts.)
Grex
helleborine
(name currently accepted by Kew)
Parents
Species
Author
(L.) Crantz
Year
1769
ORIGIN: A miniature to large sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial from Spain, France, Germany, Switzerland, Austria and Italy in xeric pinewoods in alpine valleys at elevations of 800 to 2200 meters.

DESCRIPTION: A miniature to large sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial from Spain, France, Germany, Switzerland, Austria and Italy in xeric pinewoods in alpine valleys at elevations of 800 to 2200 meters with thick, pale green, pubescent towards the apex stems carrying cauline, slightly leathery, alternate, lanceolate median leaves and narrow, near erect, slightly arched and conduplicate, undulate and serrulate margined leaves that blooms on a terminal, erect, laxly many flowered inflorescence arising in the late spring and summer.

FLOWER SIZE: 1.2 inches [3 cm] -- information provided by Jay Pfahl, author of the Internet Orchid Species Encyclopedia (IOSPE).
Other Names
Genus Name Genus Grex Name Year Author
Add+ Epipactis Epcts gutta-sanguinis 1872 Arv.-Touv.
Add+ Epipactis Epcts heraclea 2003 P.Delforge & Kreutz
Add+ Epipactis Epcts turcica 1997 Kreutz
Add+ Amesia Amesia consimilis 1913 (D.Don) A.Nelson & J.F.Macbr.
Add+ Amesia Amesia discolor 1925 (Kraenzl.) Hu
Add+ Amesia Amesia latifolia 1913 (L.) A.Nelson & J.F.Macbr.
Add+ Amesia Amesia longibracteata 1929 Schweinf.
Add+ Amesia Amesia monticola 1925 (Schltr.) Hu
Add+ Amesia Amesia pycnostachys 1913 (K.Koch) A.Nelson & J.F.Macbr.
Add+ Amesia Amesia squamellosa 1925 (Schltr.) Hu
Add+ Amesia Amesia tangutica 1925 (Schltr.) Hu
Add+ Amesia Amesia yunnanensis 1925 (Schltr.) Hu
Add+ Epipactis Epcts atroviridis 1903 Linton
Add+ Epipactis Epcts bithynica 1991 Robatsch
Add+ Epipactis Epcts dalhousiae 1851 Wight
Add+ Epipactis Epcts degenii 1999 Szentp. & Mónus
Add+ Epipactis Epcts densifolia 2003 W.Hahn
Add+ Epipactis Epcts discolor 1921 Kraenzl.
Add+ Epipactis Epcts distans 1872 Arv.-Touv.
Add+ Epipactis Epcts helleborine lusus interrupta 1958 (Beck) Verm. in S.J.van Ooststroom & al.
Add+ Epipactis Epcts herbacea 1839 Lindl. in J.F.Royle
Add+ Epipactis Epcts intrusa 1857 Lindl.
Add+ Epipactis Epcts latina 1988 (W.Rossi & E.Klein) B.Baumann & H.Baumann
Add+ Epipactis Epcts leutei 1989 Robatsch
Add+ Epipactis Epcts ligulata 1936 Hand.-Mazz.
Add+ Epipactis Epcts magnibracteata 1937 C.Schweinf.
Add+ Epipactis Epcts micrantha 1937 E.Peter
Add+ Epipactis Epcts molochina 2004 P.Delforge
Add+ Epipactis Epcts monticola 1924 Schltr.
Add+ Epipactis Epcts nephrocordia 1924 Schltr.
Add+ Epipactis Epcts orbicularis 1887 K.Richt.
Add+ Epipactis Epcts ovalis 1843 Bab. in J.E.Sm.
Add+ Epipactis Epcts pycnostachys 1849 K.Koch
Add+ Epipactis Epcts renzii 1988 Robatsch
Add+ Epipactis Epcts schubertiorum 1997 Bartolo
Add+ Epipactis Epcts squamellosa 1919 Schltr.
Add+ Epipactis Epcts tangutica 1919 Schltr.
Add+ Epipactis Epcts tenii 1921 Schltr.
Add+ Epipactis Epcts uliginosa 1825 Vest
Add+ Epipactis Epcts voethii 1993 Robatsch
Add+ Epipactis Epcts youngiana 1982 A.J.Richards & A.F.Porter
Add+ Helleborine Helleborine atroviridis 1908 (Linton) F.Hanb. in H.C.Watson & auct. suc. (eds.)
Add+ Helleborine Helleborine macrostachya 1929 (Lindl.) Soó
Add+ Helleborine Helleborine nephrocardia 1929 (Schltr.) Soó
Add+ Helleborine Helleborine orbicularis 1908 (K.Richt.) Druce
Add+ Helleborine Helleborine ovalis 1905 (Bab.) Druce
Add+ Helleborine Helleborine squamellosa 1929 (Schltr.) Soó
Add+ Helleborine Helleborine tangutica 1929 (Schltr.) Soó
Add+ Helleborine Helleborine tenii 1929 (Schltr.) Soó
Add+ Serapias Srps consimilis 1908 (D.Don) A.A.Eaton
Add+ Serapias Srps memoralis 1796 Salisb.
Add+ Helleborine Helleborine helleborine 1925 (L.) Druce
Add+ Serapias Srps helleborine 1753 L.
Add+ Epipactis Epcts helleborine ssp. helleborine
Add+ Epipactis Epcts helleborine ssp. latina 1987 W.Rossi & E.Klein
Add+ Epipactis Epcts helleborine ssp. orbicularis 1997 (K.Richt.) E.Klein
Add+ Epipactis Epcts consimilis 1825 Wall. ex Hook.f.
Add+ Epipactis Epcts kezlinekii 2009 Batoušek
Add+ Epipactis Epcts levantina 2015 (Kreutz, Óvári & Shifman) P.Delforge
Add+ Epipactis Epcts moratoria 2016 (Riech. & Zirnsack) Riech. & Zirnsack
Add+ Epipactis Epcts zirnsackiana 2010 Riech.
Add+ Amesia Amesia orbicularis 1913 (K.Richt.) A.Nelson & J.F.Macbr.
Add+ Amesia Amesia tenii 1925 (Schltr.) Hu
Add+ Calliphyllon Calliphyllon latifolium 1901 (L.) Bubani
Add+ Cymbidium Cym latifolium 1800 (Kunth) Spreng.
Add+ Epipactis Epcts macrostachya 1840 Lindl.
Add+ Epipactis Epcts neerlandica 1991 (Verm.) Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers
Add+ Epipactis Epcts viridiflora 1847 (Hoffm.) Krock.
Add+ Helleborine Helleborine latifolia 1802 (L.) Moench
Add+ Helleborine Helleborine pycnostachys 1909 (K.Koch) Druce
Add+ Helleborine Helleborine yunnanensis 1929 (Schltr.) Soó
Most awarded/recent cultivars: Epcts. helleborine 'Jinny Wong' (2006)
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