TEMPERATURE: Minimum

Culture Orchid Doctor

by Robert M. [Bert] Hamilton (Compiler)

Originally published in The Orchid Doctor in 1980 and 1988

Posted by Sys Admin about 7 years ago.

Article Blog   Article Index
For cattleyas; for relatively dormant plants which have been exposed to a night or two of lower temperatures in the 40's can stand a few days just above freezing; with new growths developing a night or two in low temperatures in the 40's will stunt their growth; a sudden drop from 55 to 61 deg.F. down to 35 deg.F. or so will possibly cause tissue injury. A65-439

The lowest temperature that cattleyas can stand is, at times, down to 32 deg.F.; at others, injury occurs at 37 to 38 deg.F.; flowers may discolor below 45 deg.F.; some growers claim virus-free flowers will stand 40 deg.F, or 41 deg.F. A73-338

Share on Social Media:  
Log in to Add a Comment

More The Orchid Doctor Articles under the Heading Temperature

Temperature Comments
TEMPERATURE: Control In a confined area where fluorescents are used such as in a space four feet by five feet heat is generated by the ballasts which can be rewired to operate outside the closet; a fan circulating the air inside is not effective, it should be exhausting out. A72-1003 0
TEMPERATURE: Controlled Cold nights artificially supplied substitute for the real thing for some genera; cymbidiums, odontoglossums and some dendrobiums can be set inside a refrigerator at night for a time to set buds. A69-246To induce flowering, growers used to heat greenhouses at the end of summer when night temparatures lowered; the contrary method at that time of lowering greenhouse temperatures surprisingly was found to produce abundant flowers. A75-704 0
TEMPERATURE: Controls An Electronic Aspirated Screen designed for the grower that wants reliability and close tolerance of temperature and the option of day and night temperatures; for technical details and specifications; data on remote alarm sysyem, refer to OR85-94 0
TEMPERATURE: Cool-growing Conditions They are wide-spread in Mexico; orchids there thrive on their cold, dry winters in higher elevations; the night temperatures hover in the low 40's; little if any rain falls from November to May. A77-1082 0
TEMPERATURE: Day-night Differential For cymbidiums in summer a differential of 25 deg.F. between night and day is usual. A71-202The number of hours of cold necessary to set buds in phalaenopsis is less than ten nights below 60 deg.F. to start new blooming shoots; cymbidiums need periodic accumulation of cold to near 60 deg.F.; but more information is needed on this, A78-698 0
TEMPERATURE: Day-night Variation Recommended Warm greenhouse, Summer: Nights -- 65 to 70 deg.F, or 18 to 21C., Days -- 70 to 80 deg.F, or 21 to 27 C.; Winter: Nights -- 60 to 65 deg.F. or 16 to 18 C., Days -- 65 to 70 deg. F. or 18 to 21 G.; Intermediate, Summer: Nights -- 60 to 65 deg.F. or 16 to 18 C., Days -- 65 to 70 deg.F. or 18 to 21 C.; Winter: Nights: 55 to 60 deg.F. or 13 to 16 C., Days -- 60 to 65 deg.F. or 16 to 18 C; Cool, Summer: Nights and Days, if possible, 60 deg.F, or 16 C; Winter: Nights -- 50 deg.F. or 10 C. or less; Days -- 55 to 60 deg.F. or 13 to 16 C. Sander's Orchid guide, 1927, 2 0
TEMPERATURE: Effect on Plants Lower temperatures at night aid the growth process; it slows the rate at which reserves are burning themselves up to form carbon dioxide and water; also, when the weather is dull it helps plants to lower the daytime temperatures; most growth takes place at night; refer to A64-218+ 0
TEMPERATURE: Intermediate Definition and discussion, the variables met with in nature and ways of achieving them in the Kew greenhouse; refer to OR86-252; A81-640 0
TEMPERATURE: Maximum During daytime in summer 85 deg.F. should be the maximum; above that the harm may not be apparent but it does no good; better to control the temperature as much as possible. A73-487In the greenhouse anything over 95 deg.F. is too hot. A78-309 0
TEMPERATURE: Recommended for Winter in the Greenhouse Cool: December -- Night 50 and Day 55; Intermediate: Dec. -- 58 and day, 58 to 65; Warm: Dec. 68 and Day 68 to 73; with a slight difference in January Cool: Night 50 and Day 55; Intermediate 59 to 61 and Day 61 to 65; Warm: 66 to 70 at Night and only 70 during Daytime. OD86-219 0
TEMPERATURE: To Set Buds Paphiopedilums and phalaenopsis initiate buds after two or three weeks of night temperature below 14 dC; hardcane dendrobiums require near 18 dC, and softcane dendrobes need about 13 dC; in cymbidiums the low does not matter because the crucial factor is the difference of aear lO dC between day and night and this must occur when the bulb is beginning to mature; in cattleyas it is complicated with daylength. AU84-278 0
TEMPERATURE: To Set Buds on Paphiopedilums and Cymbidiums 50 deg.F. is not necessary, 55 deg.F. is low enough; for early cymbidiums (blooming November to January) a cool temperature to 55 deg.F. during the mid-March to May period will set buds; for mid-season flowerings cool to 55 deg.F. from June to August. A77-798 0
TEMPERATURE: Warm, Intermediate and Cool In greenhouses, plants are divided into Warm (65 dF minimum at night) such as for Phalaenopsis; Intermediate (60 dF) as for cattleyas, and Cool (50 to 55 dF) as for cymbidiums. F81-84 0

New Topics

  1. kevan gregory asked question how difficult is it growing from seed in category General Discussion
  2. Carmen Britton asked question Information in category General Discussion
  3. Jeanne Uzar Hudson asked question Repotting Large Cattleyas in category Cattleya Alliance
  4. Nancy Shapiro asked question Where did you find this type of orchid pot? in category General Discussion
  5. Charles H Wood asked question Orchids wanted St.Croix usvi in category General Discussion

New Comments

  1. Jeanne Uzar Hudson commented on topic "Repotting Large Cattleyas" by Jeanne Uzar Hudson
  2. Carol Holdren commented on topic "Information " by Carmen Britton
  3. Carol Holdren commented on member plant C. lueddemanniana var. Coerulea, Venosa by Paulo Fiuza
  4. Jeanne Uzar Hudson commented on topic "Banrot 40WP" by Therese Stecher
  5. Maria Lucia Prieto Real commented on orchid Rlc. Village Chief Armani
  6. Mariana Chacon commented on orchid Gom. Jiaho Queen
  7. Roberto Lizama commented on member plant Max. dillonii by Roberto Lizama
  8. Nancy Speedy commented on scheduled event "2024 Orchid show Martin County "Ocean of Orchids"" by Martin County Orchid Society
  9. Jeanne Uzar Hudson commented on member plant Paph. Fanaticum by Jeanne Uzar Hudson
  10. R .Benson commented on member plant Den. Tianmu Green Elf 'Sweetheart' by R .Benson
  11. Alice Walker commented on article "Oeniella polystachys" by Tom Kuligowski
  12. Kathryn Kersey commented on scheduled event "Boca Raton Orchid Society Show & Sale" by Boca Raton Orchid Society
  13. BJ Lough commented on member plant Asctm. miniatum by BJ Lough
  14. Carol Holdren commented on topic "Where did you find this type of orchid pot?" by Nancy Shapiro
  15. Carol Holdren commented on topic "What is the culture for Cattliante Chongkolnee" by Mike Minney
  16. Linda Thorne commented on member plant Paphiopedilum Munchkin Mopsi Aru by Linda Thorne
  17. Carol Holdren commented on topic "Orchids wanted St.Croix usvi" by Charles H Wood
  18. William Gorski commented on topic "Is this a species or Primary Hybrid?" by William Gorski
  19. Henry Shaw commented on member plant Coel. Jannine Banks 'Snow White' by Henry Shaw
  20. Carol Holdren commented on topic "Trichocentrum luridum" by Danny Lyon