C. maxima photo by C.A.O.B. (Brazil O.S.)

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Orchid Species: Cattleya maxima

(This name is currently accepted by Kew.)

Cattleya maxima is an orchid species identified by Lindl. in 1833.
Cattleya (C.)
(name currently accepted by Kew)
ORIGIN: From Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and northern coastal Peru that is found at elevations of 10 to 1500 meters in seasonally dry, coastal forests.

DESCRIPTION: A medium sized, cool to warm growing, unifoliate, epiphyte and occasional lithophyte with clavate, lightly complante, sulcate pseudobulbs subtended by several, imbricating, nonfoliaceous sheaths and a single, apical, oblong or narrowly elliptic-oblong, clasping, obtuse, minutely bilobed, thickly coriaceous leaf and blooms in the fall through the winter on a terminal, to 12 [30 cm] long, erect or arching, few to several flowered, racemose inflorescence arising on a mature pseudobulb subtended with a large, basal, elongate sheath from which arise 3 to 15, long-lived, fragrant, somewhat heavy textured flowers that are held just at or above leaf height.

FLOWER SIZE: 5 inches [12.5 cm] -- information provided by Jay Pfahl, author of the Internet Orchid Species Encyclopedia (IOSPE).
Other Names
Genus Name Genus Grex Name Year Author
Add+ Epidendrum Epi maximum 1861 (Lindl.) Rchb.f. in W.G.Walpers
Add+ Cattleya C malouana 1885 Linden
Most awarded/recent cultivars: C. maxima 'Eisenheim' (4 awards from 2012 to 2018) C. maxima f. alba 'Donauperle' (3 awards from 2013 to 2018) C. maxima h.f. coerulea 'Anja' (3 awards from 2014 to 2015) C. maxima 'Donauperle' (2 awards from 2016 to 2018) C. maxima 'Excalibur' (2 awards from 2016 to 2018) C. maxima h.f. coerulea 'Chelsea's Smile' (2 awards from 2014 to 2017) C. maxima h.f. coerulea 'Manuel Moran' (2 awards from 2011 to 2017) C. maxima 'Hector' (2 awards from 1991 to 2016) C. maxima 'Elisabeth' (2 awards from 2012 to 2015) C. maxima 'Fishing Creek' (2 awards in 2014) C. maxima h.f. coerulea 'Dalles' (2 awards from 2011 to 2012) C. maxima h.f. coerulea 'Hector' (2 awards from 2010 to 2012) C. maxima f. alba 'Josue Alejandro' (2 awards from 2006 to 2009) C. maxima h.f. coerulea 'Inez' (2019) C. maxima h.f. coerulea 'Wedding Sky' (2019) C. maxima f. alba 'Memoria Ellen Oliveros' (2018) C. maxima h.f. semialba 'Eisenheim' (2018) C. maxima 'Chadwick's Dark' (2018) C. maxima 'Esslingen' (2018) C. maxima h.f. semialba 'Quito' (2018)
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