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Orchid Species: Sophronitis cernua

Kew currently accepted name is Cattleya cernua

Sophronitis cernua is an orchid species identified by (Lindl.) Lindl. in 1838. Culture information and photos for this orchid are commonly detailed under the currently accepted name of Cattleya cernua.
Genus
Grex
cernua
(traditional Sander nomenclature)
Parents
Species
Author
(Lindl.) Lindl.
Year
1838
ORIGIN: A miniature sized, south eastern Brazil species that can be found as far inland as Bolivia and Paraguay [S pterocarpa] and grows epiphytically and occasionally lithophytically.

DESCRIPTION: Warm growing orchid that has densely clustered, subcylindric or ovoid pseudobulb with 2 or 3 basal nodes and carrying a single, apical, thickly coriaceous, broadly ovate or elliptic-ovate, obtuse or minutely apiculate leaf that blooms on a terminal, erect, 1 to 2 [2 to 5 cm] long, few [4 to 10] flowered inflorescence with nodding flowers occurring in the spring. Mount this species on cork and give hot to warm temperatures, bright light, high humidity, and year round water with less in cooler weather. This species is found at sea-level in Espirito Santo south to Sao Paulo state on rocky slopes or trees often so close to the sea that a slight salt spray can reach them. They can be found in Seaside mangrove hammocks and then as one goes inland on the littoral plain to the coastal foothilss can be found high above the canopy in lowland trees with full sun and a constant breeze so as to keep them dry even though they are in rainforest conditions.. Temp can range from 50 to 110 degrees.

FLOWER SIZE: 1 to 1 1/4 inch [2.2 to 2.7 cm] -- information provided by Jay Pfahl, author of the Internet Orchid Species Encyclopedia (IOSPE).
Other Names
Genus Name Genus Grex Name Year Author
Add+ Cattleya C cernua 2010 (Lindl.) Van den Berg
Add+ Cattleya C pterocarpa 1854 Beer
Add+ Sophronitis S hoffmannseggii 1842 Rchb.f. ex Hoffmanns.
Add+ Sophronitis S isopetala 1843 Hoffmanns.
Add+ Sophronitis S modesta 1828 Lindl.
Add+ Sophronitis S nutans 1842 Hoffmanns.
Add+ Sophronitis S pterocarpa 1853 Lindl. & Paxton
Add+ Sophronia Sophronia modesta 1828 Lindl.
Add+ Sophronia Sophronia pterocarpa 1891 (Lindl. & Paxton) Kuntze
Add+ Sophronia Sophronia cernua 1828 Lindl.
Most awarded/recent cultivars: C. cernua 'Gerda' (3 awards from 2011 to 2018) C. cernua 'Cream Soda' (2 awards in 2017) C. cernua 'Orange Fantasy' (2 awards in 2014) S. cernua 'Helen' (2 awards in 2010) C. cernua 'Nora Lovie Siegel' (2 awards in 2008) S. cernua 'Lauren' (2 awards in 2006) S. cernua 'Bowmar' (2 awards in 1983) S. cernua 'America' (2 awards in 1981) C. cernua '4N Nursery' (2018) C. cernua 'Großraeschen' (2017) C. cernua 'Taikura' (2017) C. cernua 'Elise' (2016) C. cernua 'Keith's Orange' (2016) C. cernua 'Florida Sunshine' (2015) C. cernua 'Elizabeth Grace' (2015) C. cernua 'Igor' (2015) C. cernua 'Valencia' (2015) C. cernua 'Oriole' (2014) C. cernua 'Diamond Orchids' (2014) C. cernua 'Naya' (2013)
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